**Part 2: The old paradigms are questioned**

**The properties of space**

**Heisenberg** believed
that if a particle moved a very short distance between points A and B, it
would “jump” without using the space in between. That was about 90 years
ago, his idea was way ahead of its time. Even today there are only a few
physicists who dare to follow the consequences by **QD**
(quantum dynamics). If a particle would glide, it would mean to move in
infinitely small distances. In terms of propagation, these space-elements
would be infinitely small, what means in QD unimaginable energies. The
following applies: the smaller the distance, the greater the force by the
same momentum. Space cannot
consist of infinitely small stretches, it must have an **elementary
size**.

Space would be rigid and without any "*degree of
freedom*" (according to Feynman). Such a state would be considered a
singularity, but in reality it is never reached. In order to enable
degrees of freedom, the term **elasticity** is necessary, a
bending potential that allows deformation and its resistance. Only this
elasticity enables the pulse, a form of energy that acts per frequency
and multiplies to energy with **E = hF**, where

**= Planck's constant and F = frequency.**

*h*Puls p = E/c =

**F/c = (**

*h**·c/ʎ)/c =*

**h****/ʎ.**

*h***p=h/ʎ**

*h=p·ʎ
The heartbeat of our world is a
pulsing momentum (h)
it is invariant and has an universal size*

Since ** h** is invariable, only the wavelength λ and the frequency F can
change in space cells. Since λ•F=c (speed of light),

**λ and F**are coherent. Since λ can only have quantities that depend on the scale of the matrix, F is quantized (ΔF = F1-F2) and therefore only has

**integer**values. In the scales of our everyday physics, however, F appears to be

**analogous**, this no longer applies in the size of the atomic / subatomic world.

The edges length of a tetrahedron and octahedron are in this case the **
λ**, whereby the frequency of these space cells is also fixed because
of the
invariable c. If one considers the space cell in the proton as a
reference for the smallest part of space, then space, which is still up to
now isotropic, would only have to have an all-encompassing frequency what
doesn't make sense. When
mapping this space structure via the physical values of particles such as
protons, electrons, neutrons and neutrinos, an** isotropic**
**view of the space** can no longer be maintained. The edge
length or rod length
**S1** (scale 1) as an isotropic unit of length must be
abandoned and replaced by the rod length (distances of field strengths
**E=****h****/λ** or **
E=****h****•F/c**) as coherent
values of the frequency F and the field strength E.

**Rod length or field distances as scale and
metric**

For geometric reasons (look at wave-d.html) the bar sizes must keep the ratio of 3^x or 3^-x to each other. These allow frequencies and neighboring relationships to the adjacent colors (or parities of its oscillations) to be retained in the same way and form units in equilibrium again. The nesting fields in a Babushka fashion of octahedra requires a certain ratio of their sizes, which is referred to below as M (measure unit of octaedra). Nesting means unequal spaces with the same center. The ratio of their sizes are:

< < < **
3^-4** ; **3^-3** ; **3^-2** ; **3^-1**
; **3^0** ; **3^1**
; **3^2** ; **3^3** ; **3^4** > > >

Here is** M1**=S1 (3^0); **M2**=S^3 (3^1);
**M3**=S9 (3^2); **M4**=S27(3^3) etc. As was shown
in the main Matrix page, energies in equilibrium can only use rod length
S1; S3; S5 etc to be observed. It becomes clear that fields mentioned
here as “**standing**” or “**loca**l” fields can only have a
λ (bar length) of odd numbers.

The
frequencies oscillate in the same ratio as the frequency of tone C to tone G to tone G' etc.
As we can see later when looking at particle interactions, the energy
differences
are always **one quantum**. It should be noted that only the
quantities that form a field with 3^x or 3^-x (3^2; 3^3; 3^4 etc.) have the same center
point to each other. This cognition becomes important when considering particles. Several field
sizes are formed around the center of particle in Babushka style. The
geometric metric of the nesting fields is important so that the different
impulses of space atoms, here tetrahedra, cancel each other harmoniously.
Later we see that this is one of the reasons that space has to behave
quantum dynamically.

**Structure and Entropy of space**

The generally accepted standard model of physics **SM** assumes that there is a
chaotic state of virtual particles in the form of bosons at the deepest
(zero point) base
of space. The “pop-ups” go in two directions as particles and antiparticles.
The reason for this state is similar to the matrix, only chaotic. According
to this fact an attempt is made to think further with probabilities (simular
like the Schrödinger field whose value at any spatial point is the probability
for an interaction at that point). On the
one hand, this model gives the researcher more space for
interpretations of his experiments; on the other hand, he cannot hold on
anywhere in this jungle of possibilities.

It is different in matrix space. There, the popups are bind together in such a way that they form units of equilibrium again, which create structures in certain scales. The main reason for this much more reasonable behavior comes from the fact that the current state of space we have found, is the result of extreme compression during a so-called "Big Bang" situation. The cosmological conditions are in this way still included to the Matrix at the smallest possible way. The basis of space does not start all over again from the first sketch but is the consequence of the past.

The cosmic expansion here is evidence, that space as whole and in the small is not empty and under a certain pressure. This pressure is listed here as entropy of free space. In order to understand this, it must be assumed that outside a spatial structure, which consists of a determinable scale of tetrahedra and octahedra, there is a symmetrical relationship between all values. This entropy of values is an intermediate layer of space that separates scales preventing the influence of asymmetrical values in tetrahedra and octahedra. The scales forming structure are our S1, S3, S5-S9, S10-S27, S28-S81 etc. Those of entropy (of "empty space") are the scales of even-numbered quantities such as S2, S4, S6, etc.

**Quantendynamic deforming of space**

The Matrix sees particles as standing waves. They therefore have a frequency. They are no longer particle as solid balls, but because ot their high frequency, they appear as particle.

Today we know since Einstein that in principle "empty space" has no
medium in physicle terms. But an empty space would result in a way, that
interactions of particles (as standing waves) transmitt bosons or photons.
This of course is a contradiction in terms. This particle zoo, however,
can´t replace a medium, they also need a medium.

It is the weak point of Einstein´s space.

The
solution seemed to be the idea of
a plasma soup of virtual particles creating something like an energy level. Since
Planck's formula **E**=* h*F connects
the energy with pulses and frequency, it can be concluded that such a medium
always has an associated frequency. Frequency

**F=c/λ**requires that the medium must consist of a certain wavelength, in the Matrix it would be our rod length of its scale.

LHC (Large Hadron Collider) research basically interpreted its results in 4 energy zones or the 4
fundamental forces of the **SM (**standard model). They are the
strong force by bosons, the weak force by gluons, the electro-magnetic
force by photons and gravitation. They are the forces of interaction in
the respective zones that are used as standards by the matrix theory.
However, the geometry of the matrix shows that there are many more scales or
power zones. Of course, this is also assumed in profane research, but there,
in an incomprehensible manner, historical research successes are adhered to.
Historically, the particle idea was held onto for too long. The energy field
idea is well known, but not yet integrated into the SM. Fields
have layers. The earth has it, the atmosphere has it, the magnetosphere has
it, etc. So also with the particle fields. They are like the shells of the
onion around the center. There are actually no quarks in the proton
and neutron fields, no gluons in the atomic
nucleus, no orbitals in fields of charge.

An
important, yes axiomatic point is the existence of **standing waves**.
A string on a guitar can be imagined as one-dimensional (1D), where the wave
amplitude oscillates rectangular to the string, the 2nd dimension.
A loudspeaker diaphragm can be imagined as 2-dimensional (2D), vibrating at
rectangular angles to the diaphragm in the third dimension. 3-dimensionally,
a spherical wave must therefore have a center, where an effective force acts
at rectangular angles to all 3 coordinates from **4D space**.
The matrix structure of space shows us, that standing waves (or standing
fields) always lie in the scale ranges of odd numbers, while the running or
propagating waves (light) by V=c lie in the range of even scales.

**Oscillation instead of a rigid space**

Rigid
space is crystalline. It doesn´t represents time. An oscillation instead a
distance makes space to a living space-time but has 4 dimensions. An
oscillation always forms a 180° cycle. A whole cycle of 360° therefore has
at least 2 parities. A double oscillation has 4 parities and is able to
represent 4 dimension.

In the picture at the left, a double oscillation
is shown by only one 360° cycle. It has 2 double-parities with 2 values each
parity. This creates 4 states or parities here:

(+ +)=Rot,
(+ -)=Grün, (- +)=Gelb,
(- -)=Blau.

The pictur shoes red
(+) time and blue (-) time. They could also be seen as 4 colors of the
Matrix space. The meaning of this consideration is that with the completed
cycle this unit adds energetically to zero and, as a medium-space atom, can
also be a unit of “empty space”. As a unit, it has the shape of a
tetrahedron. Since this has the same rod length (λ), the unit also has the
frequency **c/λ**. 4 parities are generated here, which add up
to zero when interacting with neighboring units. In this way they represent
the "empty space".

**Parity or charge**

The
**standard model** of physics requires the criterion of charge
(+) and (-) for the above-mentioned interaction. This is replaced by the
**MFT** (matrix-field theory) by the term **parity**,
since **MFT** regards all particles as oscillation, which means a change from
(+) and (-). This is difficult to understand and requires to give up the
idea of empty space with the mechanics of separate particles. In the **MFT**, a particle
is a **distortion** of space and time. Therefore a particle
oscillation is always in the same rhythm as its medium, here at the location
(x; y: z: t) where t (time) is the oscillation tensor toward the 4th spatiel dimension. A particle is therefore not simply (+) or (-) but has a
parity at this location (x; y; z; t) as a status of its oscillation (++) or
(+-) or (-+) or (- -). The **MFT** sees it as 2 oscillations at right angles to
each other. One as a compression / depression of 3D space and the other as
(+) / (-) time (as a tensor to the 4th spatial dimension), which requires
its antiparts (antimatter) in addition to the particle or space atom. This
dynamic of space is seen in the SM (Standard Model) as either particles or
antiparticles with (+) or (-) charges.It's the Dirac equation.

**It is the Dirac-equation**

Because contemporary physics, despite Dirac's mathematical proof, still
clings to the notion of separate particles in a separate (and therefore
empty) space, a separate **antiparticle**
was invented by Dirac, which he (reluctantly) offered as a solution (and got
the Nobel Prize). The **MFT** only sees a particle in 4 states. It is solely the
geometry of the matrix. However, it
is the same particle, but measured from our side of (+) time) to a (-) time
parity.

The reason for this blindness of today's physics is that the matrix allows
all scaled fields (from the proton to the EM field and larger) to oscillate
synchronously in time.
All
parities in (-) time ((-+) (- -)) are asynchronous to the gauge. This only
applies to particles smaller than neutrinos, since all larger fields
interact with photons (3-D fields). Photons are moments and add to the
parity of their medium. The perturbation of space is then taken as parities
(+) and (-) and set the SPIN value to 1. At larger scales it acts as
chirality. In the picture above, the relations between particle-antiparticle,
charge and spin to the oscillating space are shown as a double oscillation.
Since the **MFT** does not recognize spin, it is only
theoretically included here.

**Charge: **a new concept
of space is aplied

The
picture here shows a section through the plane, which is the 3D space in the 4D
space concept and therefore has a top and bottom side. The wave-like
deformation (oscillation) creates a pull-push on the top (+time) and
push-pull on the bottom (-time) in a 360° wave.

The 4
**
·** 90° cycle represents 4 colors

(++)=Blau (+-)=Grün (-+)=Gelb (- -)=Violett

This is the +/- time oscillation in the scheme above and is difficult to understand. Oscillation as a single event would have no relevance for physics. It would not be detectable for us in the period ʎ/c. Visibility in the scale of our devices are based on repetition only. But here Oscillation creates 2 views where only one is invisible for our gauge. However, the perspectives always create a relationship to the adjacing space and its parities. In this way, apparently static spatial structures are formed, which, however, build of repetition effect. Physics calls this a virtual state, but only limits it to a "zero-state" plasma. However, it is a universal principle for all particles and fields.

With the designation electron = e(x;y;z) or proton = p(x;y;z) the time value
of parity(x;y:z:t) in **SM** (Standard Model) is missing in today's physics. Theoretically,
this should be named as (+) or (-). But since in **SM** a particle has (+) or (-) charge as a static property, the time parity is
no longer needed in **SM**. The Matrix theory does not want to introduce any
new rules, it only intended to give background information. No matter where
the interaction of a particle is, it has everywhere e.g. at location
(x1;y1;z1;t1) the parity of electron = e(x1;y1;z1;t1). Instead of saying: the
electron is (-), we now say electron = e(x;y;z;t) and mean (+) or (-), in any
case the opposite parity to the proton. Both are (+) or (-) according their
location, but react always as opposite parities. Particles have no charge
but the value (t) of the location x;y;z;t. Particles don't have a spin with
a chirality, they have the parity x;y;z;t. It's an effect of the Matrix
space.

**Protons always have opposite parities of electrons at the space-point of interaction.**

A neutron has a double parity with zero result and
does not culminate in the energy field range of the electron-proton
interaction. Ultimately, this means that it only has an equal interaction in
the more compressed field area (gluons). It is a requirement of the
**matrix space dynamic** .

**Each particle oscillation is coherent with
the space oscillation.**

It has to
be noted, that **charge** in the **SM** is not connected to space and only a property
of the particle. **Parity** needs a structural space and is a property of
it, therefore particle are space locations. That is why particle are not
separated from space, they are properties of it.

**Attraction / compelling as a parity of
oscillation**

A (+ +) or (- -) = attraction, (- +) or (+ -) = repulsion.

It is a
simple principle of a structured 4D matrix space. The prerequisite is a medium
and a structural order of its inner space network. If the distances between
nodes are strongly bent, then there is a contraction in space network
(called here as compression). This is only possible if the elasticity of the
network results in decompression areas (zones where the network is in
tension) around the contraction field. These in turn tend to cancel out or
compensate for each other with compressed network areas. If that were the
only truth, our world would soon have disappeared and everything would have
the value of zero. However, the compensation has a complicated structure. If
there are distortions in 3D space, then they immediately compensate each
other with V=c. If there are
distortions with a vector at 4D-space, the compensation will be limited
to a quantum (e = hf) within a distance (or scale S1-Sx). In the surrounding
3D space, the balance becomes visible through an overriding tendency to
approach the possible place of balance (attraction). The opposite will be
the case when the balance sheet is a culmination, i.e. the opposite of what
would produce a rejection. The picture below shows the dynamics of the basis
without the superordinate effect of a quantum dynamic compensation. Space is
not empty, it has an entropic pressure.

So it doesn't depend on (+) or (-) but only on **
- equal or unequal -**

The scenario + or - as a charge or peculiarities of the particles only arises by the property of 3D space to balance all distortions. However, this compensation is limited to the certain rod length of the relevant scale ( the field size λ=hc/e). So it is an overriding property of the space to balance out itself. This property allows a momentum in the limited field area to be drawn towards the counter momentum. An attraction is created. Only this brings a flattening (depression) of space by attraction, by interaction with the counter-moment or counter-parity. It is irritating that a depression of space means attraction. This is just the effect of the overlying tendency become an equilibrium.

If there were only + or - for repulsion or attraction in physics, then nothing would prevent the particles of our world from either merging or radiating to the edge of the universe. With the field structure (or matrix geometry) the interactions always result in wave-like peaks and valleys, where the interaction each time climbs a peak to fall into an even deeper valley, then climbs an even steeper peak and falls into an even deeper valley, until it found a permanent place there.

All constellations are the balance of all the participated components.

**Hyperspace**

In physics, the term parity stands for a state of oscillation. In the Matrix-space
it generates the effect of charge, in the **SM** (Standard Model)
charge is a property of
particles. To explain this, an important
aspect of Matrix has to be applied, the hyperspace or 4D space. It is hyperspace
that explains the standing field in a medium with an elastic momentum of
p=h/λ. It is not hyperspace itself that we deal here, but the idea that our
space is embedded in a higher-level space (as it even could be embedded in
poly dimensions). As a result, space as a medium
loses its last classic property, the Euclidean space. **Space itself can be
deformed**. And it will. And with the deformation the
space density changes and with it the density of time. But time is tied to
space because it is an element of oscillation. The oscillation consists of
the momentum p•λ , which is the natural constant ** h** of our
universe.This
defines the strength of the transmitted force and relates it to the space
cells responsible for the transmission. The greater the force transmission,
the smaller the space cell or λ. Everything is dominated by the moment
of the medium. The structure of the matrix results from the absolute balance of
all the properties involved, and the phenomena of our world result from its
disruption. When someone turns the button

**, they will find themselves in a different world and in a different frequency.**

*h***The new concept of time **

Einstein's theory of relativity (proven x times) says: space and time is a continuum by zero = (tc)^2)-(x^2)-(y^2)-(z^2), where tc=time•lightspeed is. Every distance is therefore also time. Distance=√(x^2+y^2+z^2+(tc)^2). But only at the speed of light V=c. Since then tc=0, the question of the nature of time remains open. Since Dirac and Feynmann, who interpreted the QD in his diagrams, a declining time had to be expected (e.g. pairing of (-) and (+) electrons). Although causality no longer seemed possible, this continued to be applied out of convenience. In the Matrix, time is a 4th dimensional effect. As already described above, from the point of view of the 4th dimension, our space is the surface of a hyper sphere, the "title wave" from the 4D center, the big bang. Seen in this way, particles have a front and back side as a 4D oscillation, an oscillation from (-) time to (+) time. Time is therefore the radial movement fluctuation from the 4th dimension. It is the oscillation perpendicular to 3D space that creates the "standing waves" of fermions.

**SUSY the Super
Symmetry**

The 4-dimensional hyperspace can be imagined at best if
one of the coordinates, here the z-coordinate, is suppressed.

You
symbolize the 3D space as a 2D image, tilt it until it becomes a line.

Then one imagines the line with a very thin thickness, according to the conditions as a shadow of a higher dimension. In this thickness, we introduce the processes that describes it as a shadow of the 4th spatial dimension. Here we see the compression and decompression areas generalized as tensors of the 4 spatial coordinates of the 4D space.

The picture below shows the compression and decompression areas as a
wavy line in 3D space. The space can no longer be isotropic here. It is
fractionated into quanta of size **E= hF**. These
quanta are the basic elements of a 3D spatial structure in form of
tetrahedra. The illustration shows the 4 colors blue-green-yellow-red, which
indicate the 4 possible states (+ +) (+ -) (- +) (- -). This is the double
oscillation. The time here is up (+) time and down (-) time of
the 4-dimensional space.

These 2 sides as shadows of hyperspace are here (above) the normal
space symmetry and (below) the SUSI referred to as super symmetry. It is the
carrier of antimatter. It becomes clear here that a particle that is
explained as a 4D field must have its antiparticle on the opposite side of
the 4D space as an inseparable part of its oscillation. Aging of
particle cannot take place. Attempts to determine the
decay time of Protons came to the conclusion that these particles must live **
longer **than the**
age of the universe**, whatever that means in
detail.

**Conclusion**

Here in Part 2 the structure and dynamics of space have been described
to such an extent that a closer examination of particles as
**"children of space"** is now from a completely
different point of view
possible than from observations of
recognized physics, that was generated from empirical research. Space lost
its homogeneous character, its image was rounded off with the opposite side
(**anti-space**). Time and
pulses were described with a 360 ° cycle. By considering the Planck constant
as the pulses of our world, an **underlying
frequency and wavelength λ **is requested. With this, our
world was quantized. The old ideas of Euclidean space are replaced with the
matrix of space. All of this creates a completely different starting point
for considering the QD of particles, which will be
discussed in Part 3.

Science sometimes becomes religion when the network of theories becomes dialectic. Knowledge then becomes a fixed building with foundations of which can't be tampered with. But true knowledge is never static and always in motion. Outside the dogma; free Platonic thinking prevails.

Gunter Michaelis, Griesbach, the 20.8.2020